Bergen Urological Associates, PA

ANDROPAUSE: PATIENT INFORMATION


Female menopause and its treatment using hormone replacement have received far more attention than male menopause and its treatment. Many men who are suffer from declining and insufficient levels of testosterone— andropause —remain undiagnosed and untreated. As men live longer, they also want to live healthier, better quality lives which accounts for the growing public interest in the treatment of male hormone deficiency.

Testosterone is a hormone produced primarily by the testes. It is responsible for sex drive, deep voice, body and facial hair patterns, muscle mass, etc. Physicians have become increasingly aware that with the aging process, testosterone levels may drop to the extent that symptoms may develop. Symptoms may include the following:

  • Decreased libido
  • Decreased energy and sense of well-being
  • Change in mood
  • Decreased cognition
  • Decreased beard growth
  • Decreased muscle mass and strength
  • Anemia
  • Decreased bone mineral density
  • Decreased erectile and ejaculatory function
  • Increased body fat

    The following questionnaire has proven useful in screening men for andropause:

    • Do you have a decrease in sex drive?
    • Do you have a lack of energy?
    • Do you have a decrease in strength or endurance?
    • Have you lost height?
    • Have you noticed a decrease in enjoyment of life?
    • Are you sad or grumpy?
    • Are your erections less rigid or durable?
    • Have you noticed a deterioration in your ability to play sports?
    • Do you fall asleep after dinner?
    • Have you noticed a deterioration in your work performance?

    If a man has symptoms of andropause, a simple blood test can be obtained to see if testosterone deficiency exists. If so, testosterone replacement may be the solution to the problem. The testosterone preparations currently available include oral formulations, injections, skin patches, and gels. The long-acting injectable formulation is useful for the initial trial to assess the effect of the testosterone replacement. If effective, the gel formulation is most often prescribed. It requires daily self administration which most patients have found very convenient and has very few adverse effects. Periodic monitoring of testosterone, prostate specific antigen, blood count, serum chemistries, and prostate digital examination are imperative.


    Andrew L. Siegel, M.D.
    January 2007

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    Bergen Urological Associates

    255 W. Spring Valley Ave.
    Suite 101
    Maywood, NJ 07607
    Tel: 201.342.6600
    Fax: 201.342.4222
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